Nathalie A. Smuha (PhD, LL.M.) is a legal scholar and philosopher at the KU Leuven Faculty of Law, where she examines legal and ethical questions around AI and other digital technologies. Her research focuses particularly on AI’s impact on human rights, democracy and the rule of law.

She is the academic coordinator of the KU Leuven Summer School on the Law, Ethics and Policy of AI and a member of the Leuven.AI Institute and the Digital Society Institute. She also held visiting positions at New York University (2024), the University of Chicago (2023) and the University of Birmingham (2021). She is the author of Algorithmic Rule By Law: How Algorithmic Regulation in the Public Sector Erodes the Rule of Law (with Cambridge University Press, 2024).

Besides her academic activities, Professor Smuha regularly advises governments and international organizations on AI policy. Previously, she worked at the European Commission, where she coordinated the work of the European Commission’s High-Level Expert Group on AI and contributed to the EU’s AI strategy. Moreover, she was a scientific expert at the Council of Europe’s (Ad Hoc) Committee on AI, which drafted an international AI Convention. She is also a member of the OECD Expert Group on AI, data and privacy, the UNESCO Expert Group on AI and the Futures of Learning, and AI4Belgium Ethics & Law.

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